Albanian Flag – Some known and unknown facts

albanian flag

Albanian Flag is a red flag with a silhouetted black double-headed eagle in the center, as you can see from the pictures. The double-headed eagle signifies the sovereign state of Albania, meanwhile, the red represents bravery, strength, and valor of bloodshed. 

Various Albanian regimesrepublic, monarchy, fascist corporate state, and communist people’s republic have used the red flag with the double-headed black eagle.

This old flag belongs to the group of two-color flags. The symbol of the eagle, apart from the flag, is also used by Albanians in other cases. The eagle is seen as a symbol of bravery and prowess. They like to be identified as the land of eagles. 

Origins of the Albanian Flag 

On November 28, 1443, the national hero of Albania, a prince known as Skanderbeg (Gjergj Kastrioti), raised his flag over the fortress of Krujë. He did it in defiance of the Turks who ruled the country. His small mountainous nation could resist the forces of the Ottoman Empire. Although after Skanderbeg died in 1468, Albanians lost independence again. His flag was red and bore a black eagle, even today, the symbol of Albania. They have a double-headed eagle on the Albanian Flag. Exactly like the symbol of the Byzantine Empire to which it once belonged. Many poems, songs, and artistic works of music and visual art have been dedicated to the Albanian flag.

The Independence of Albania

An Albanian nationalist movement formed in the 19th century that worked towards Albanian independence.

The movement represented itself with a banner that resembled the modern flag, and a slight variation on the movement’s flag that included a white star above the eagle came into use when Albania attained its independence in 1912.

Some small changes during the years

Albanians introduced a new variation on the flag in 1914. It resembled the old flag, but it displayed the eagle in greater detail and colored the bird’s feet and beaks with gold rather than the pure black found in most other designs. The flag changed slightly once again in 1920. They removed from the flag the star above the eagle. This means the design reverted to a pure black eagle in 1926.  Then later some changes happened again.  To represent Albania’s king, they added a crown to the design.

Albania was occupied by Italy in 1939, and the Italians introduced yet another variation on the flag’s design. The Italian occupation gave way to communist rule in 1944. At this point, a crossed hammer and sickle were added to the canton. On the other hand, they stripped all of the communist symbols from the flag later in 1992.  As the last change, Albanians lightened the shade of red to create the modern flag.

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